Here are the different kinds of batteries used in two-wheelers

Here are the different kinds of batteries used in two-wheelers  29th March 2023

Two-wheelers are seemingly simple machines. Raising the accelerator may seem enough to get your ride started. However, it is far more complex than that. The balanced working of multiple components results in a well-functioning two-wheeler. At the core of its functioning is the battery. Responsible for the electrical charge generation, which makes the continuous flow of operations possible, the battery is no less than the heart of the two-wheeler.

Considering the complexity of components and the risk of safety, theft, etc., one must purchase the best two wheeler insurance in India. An ideal policy offers comprehensive coverage, including crucial components like the battery.

In the case of standard fuel-powered two-wheelers, there are three types of batteries to know about.

• Wet or conventional batteries
As the name suggests, they hold the charge as the acid in liquid form. When it performs its function as a conductor, it also produces hydrogen. The toxic byproduct is a threat as it is highly flammable. Such batteries have a plastic casing and require regular inspection and fluid top-ups.

• Dry cell batteries
These batteries are far more convenient than wet batteries. They are safer due to their stopper and include acid in a separate section. These require minimal maintenance and come in dark colours like black or grey.

• Gel batteries
This form is considered the safest and most convenient battery type. The vacuum-sealed batteries perform under pressure only and do not come with the possibility of leaks or spills.

Apart from conventional battery types, the wave of electric vehicles has introduced new battery types. Listed below are the types of batteries in electric two-wheelers.

• Lithium-ion batteries
These are one of the most effective and hassle-free batteries in electric vehicles. They operate on lithium-ion that is connected by an electrolyte. The anode is connected to the positive end, and the cathode is connected to the negative one. They are incredibly light and bear extreme effectiveness. They can be charged without any hassles and offer fast charging.

• Lead acid batteries
Initially, lead-acid batteries were the most popular for electric vehicles. They are strong, reasonably priced, and very durable. They were the first choice for most automobile companies as the manufacturing cost of these batteries is extremely low. However, they are heavy and get discharged quickly. Apart from that, they can only be used for a short time. These batteries get damaged easily over some time.

• Nickel metal hydride
Nickel metal hydride is used for not only electric vehicles but also hybrid ones. Since they are quite expensive, most manufacturers do not prefer using these in their vehicles. The battery consists of electrodes with an alkaline electrolyte in between. The charging happens between the electrodes only, which can take a lot of time. However, these batteries are exposed to minor damage or leakage.

• Solid state
This is one of the latest batteries added to the list. They are still in the early stages of development. Only some companies are currently manufacturing these batteries, predominantly located in Taiwan. These companies are still trying to make them practical for future use. The only difference between these batteries is a solid electrolyte instead of a liquid one. As opposed to liquid electrolytes, they are safer and more effective. They also last longer and provide more support.

You need to know these pointers about the batteries used in two-wheeler vehicles in India. Considering the volatile nature of electric charges and chemical reactions, safety is paramount when dealing with such machines. Another threat is accidents, which are always uncertain and can financially wreck an individual. Consider purchasing the best two wheeler insurance in India to safeguard yourself against replacement and accident costs.

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Disclaimer: The information provided above is for illustrative purposes only. To get more details, please refer to policy wordings and prospectus before purchasing a policy.