How can you detect faults in your home’s electrical circuit

How can you detect faults in your home’s electrical circuit  25th January 2023

Detecting faults in your home's electric circuit can be simple if you know exactly where the fault is or which appliance has malfunctioned. Proper knowledge is the prerequisite to easily detecting faults in the home electrical circuit. It can be in any room, hallway, verandah, bathroom, bedroom, or kitchen.

The power supply may get disrupted in the entire house or only some portion of it. Safety is paramount when it comes to detecting faults in electric circuits. Even a small mistake can cause loss of life and massive property damage.

Are you someone trying to detect electrical faults for the first time? Let us understand how you can proceed with it conveniently.

1. Get the right gear:
The right equipment and tools are necessary before repairing a fault in your home's electric circuit. Get the right tools that ensure your safety while checking for the fault. Use a socket tester and voltage meter to check the running current.

2. Switch off the main power supply:
Make sure you switch off the main power supply of your house before trying to touch any open wire or faulty appliance. You can also remove the circuit fuse of the particular room or area where you plan the repair. Failure to do so can result in an electric shock.
If there was smoke or crackling noise from any wire or switchboard, wear rubber boots or slippers and rubber gloves before touching any wire or board. They will provide some electrical insulation if they are made of 100% pure rubber without any holes or tears.

3. Testing a faulty appliance:
If any of your appliances are not working, you should try to plug them into another socket to ensure it is working properly. If the appliance works there, you have a problem with the circuit of that particular room. If the appliance still does not work, it means that your house's electric circuit is okay and not at fault. You will have to get the appliance repaired from the electrician.

4. Checking the Fuse / MCB:
Our homes have fuses or MCBs (Miniature Circuit Breakers) for every room and separate portions of our house. To prevent overloading, there are separate MCBs for heavy appliances, such as an air-conditioner. When a circuit or appliance malfunctions, the fuse will break, or the MCB will trip automatically, which will shut down power to that circuit.
Whenever you face a power problem in any particular house area, you should first check the respective fuse/MCB. A faulty appliance can also result in tripping off an MCB or blowing a fuse. You can repair the fuse by fixing the live wire if the fuse is blown. If the MCB is down, you should switch it on again and check for the fault in that particular room or appliance. If the problem is still there, the MCB will trip or shut off again. In such instances, you should call a qualified electrician rather than fixing it yourself.

5. Faulty power line:
If all the MCBs are also fine and there is still no power in your entire house, the problem can be bigger from the main line or the transformer. Please do not try to rectify faults from the main line because of the high voltage running through them. Call a qualified technician who is capable of repairing such faults.

You do not have to run for a qualified technician whenever you have a minor electrical fault at your house. You can also detect and repair the fault if it is not that severe and manageable. However, you should be careful while checking or repairing faults in your home electric circuits.

Faulty electric circuits and malfunctions can result in fire and heavy loss at your house. Fret not! Home insurance provides you with safety and security from any such unfortunate events. It covers the house structure and its contents and assists in rebuilding the damaged property. Get complete peace of mind by opting for a good home insurance policy.

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Disclaimer: The information provided above is for illustrative purposes only. To get more details, please refer to policy wordings and prospectus before purchasing a policy.